“My previous study described the time relationship between atmospheric CO2 concentration  at the Mauna Loa observatory compared to the satellite lower troposphere Tropics-Land temperature . It concluded that increased CO2 concentration has not caused temperature to rise but that the temperature is a significant control on the emission of CO2.
The conclusion has since been duplicated by analysis of the CO2 concentration data from Macquarie Island, in the Southern Ocean , and from the Mt Waliguan Observatory on the Tibetan Plateau, China .”
The matching response can also be seen in the Fourier Transform amplitude spectrum for each, as shown below:
Remarkably, the 42 month period was known by the Israelites 2500 years ago, being mentioned in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament and the Book of Revelation in the New Testament of the Bible. It is the synodic period for the Sun, Earth, Moon combination whereby the three form the same configuration every 42 months. This is not to be confused with the Earth – Moon synodic period of 29.5 days which applies to the conjunction of the Earth and the Moon with respect to the Sun.
Furthermore the 42 month period is similar to the El Nino cycle and may be the source of the heat that drives this event. This is in agreement with the paper from Geli Wang et al  who used wavelet analysis to detect a 3.36 year cycle in the Central England Temperature dataset, which they attributed to the El Nino Southern Oscillation.
The maximum with the second greatest amplitude on both the temperature and the CO2 rate of change is at a frequency of 0.033 cycles per month, that is, a period of 30.12 months.
The third greatest amplitude on the temperature response is at a frequency of 0.012 cycles per month, that is, a period of 85.3 months, while for the CO rate of change it is at a frequency of 0.0097 cycles per month, that is, a period of 102.4 months. It may represent the synodic period of Mercury and Venus being the near coincidence of 20 cycles of Mercury and 5 cycles of Venus which has a period of 95 months.
The fourth greatest amplitude on the temperature response is at a frequency of 0.057 cycles per month, that is, a period of 17.7 months. There is a coincident local maximum on the CO2 rate of change. This may be due to the 19.2 month synodic period of Venus.
Accurate predictions as to the period and source of the local maxima in the amplitude spectra are not feasible due to the course sample interval of one month, the short time series of only 467 months and the use of uneven monthly sample intervals which were 28, 29, 30 or 31 days in length.
This has been partly resolved by using the weekly Mauna Loa atmospheric CO2 concentration time series as proxy for the atmospheric temperature. Unfortunately this was not ideal either as there were breaks in the time series that have had to be filled by interpolated values.
The 3062 data points were padded with values of zero at each end to give the Fourier amplitudes for 4096 data points. Once again the greatest maximum was at a wavelength of 42.82 months and is considered to be the heat source for the El Nino event.
Other local amplitude maxima were at wavelengths of:-
29.56 days attributed to the Moon’s synodic period of 29.53 days,
27.18 days attributed to the Moon’s sidereal period of 27.32 days,
573.44 days attributed to the synodic period for Venus of 583.94 days,
225.76 days attributed to the sidereal period for Venus of 224.7 days,
367.59 days attributed to the sidereal period for Earth of 365.256 days,
796.44 days attributed to the synodic period for Mars of 778 days,
699 days attributed to the sidereal period for Mars of 687 days,
404 days attributed to the synodic period for Jupiter of 399 days.
It is notable that both the synodic and sidereal periods of the Moon are apparent in the weekly series. An explanation for the synodic period is that each New Moon reduces the incoming Sun’s radiation to the Earth and its atmosphere as it passes between the Sun and the Earth.
For the sidereal period, it may be the effect of the eccentricity of the Moon’s orbit as the Moon varies between the perigee of 363,100 km and the apogee of 405,700 km.
Evidence that the 42 month cycle causes the El Nino event is seen in the responses over the South Pole as shown below. Once again the time series are of different lengths with the annual rate of change of the CO2
concentration (red line) covering the period June 1957 to December 2016 and the satellite lower troposphere South Pole Land monthly temperature (blue line) covering the period December 1978 to October 2017.
concentration repeats the wavelength of that from Mauna Loa while it is barely discernable for the South Pole satellite lower troposphere temperature series.
The power spectra confirm the difference as seen here:
However the power spectra for the satellite lower troposphere temperature has the 42.7 month peak in fourth spot with greater amplitude peaks occurring at wavelengths ( in decreasing amplitude ) of 64 months (which may be the synodic period for the Moon and Mercury and/or Jupiter ), 26.9 months (which may be the synodic period for Mars and/or Jupiter) and 10.7 months (which represents 11 synodic cycles of the Moon).
The reduction in the 42.7 month peak is reasonable considering the fact that the Sun’s rays are practically tangential to the polar surface or do not impinge on part of that surface for months at a time and the Moon’s orbit is inclined at 5E to the elliptic.
The CO2 concentration over the South Polar region has been, on average, 2.2 ppm less than over the Tropics for the 58 years of recording during which time the concentration at the South Pole increased by 86.8 ppm and at Mauna Loa the increase was 88.3 ppm with the difference being statistically significant at the 99% level.
The clear similarity between the autocorrelation function and the power spectra for the two time series, temperature and rate of change of CO2 concentration, from the Equatorial zone support the original contention that the temperature drives the rate of change of CO2 concentration.
As the Tropics has the highest average temperature it must produce CO2 at the greatest rate. That CO2 must diffuse North and South away from the Equator into the Polar regions. As the solubility of CO2 increases with decreasing temperature it must be precipitated at the Poles within the ice and snow or as dry ice when the temperature is below its sublimation point of -78 degrees Celsius. That is, there may be a continuous circulation of carbon from the Equatorial Zone, through the atmosphere as CO2, to the Poles where it is locked into the Polar ice sheets until those sheets move sufficiently far from the Pole to melt.
The CO2 is then concentrated in sea water and may return to the Equatorial zone via the Earth’s oceans. That is, the Tropics is a source for the atmospheric CO2 and the Polar regions are a sink.
The conclusion remains as before, namely, that a rise in CO2 concentration does not change the atmospheric temperature of the lower troposphere but the temperature determines the rate of change of CO2 concentration.
Added to that is the new conclusion that there is a prominent 42 month cycle for the temperature due to the synodic period of the Sun, Earth, Moon configuration which then causes the same cycle in the rate of change of CO2 concentration and is expressed in the Earth’s climate as the El Nino event.
Furthermore cycles in the temperature spectrum may relate to orbital cycles of the planets indicating that, at least in terms of years, the orientation of the planets with respect to the Sun may determine the changes in the Earth’s temperature.
That is, climate change is the result of the continually changing position of the Moon and the planets relative to the Earth and the Sun and has nothing whatsoever to do with the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere.
 Identification of the driving forces of climate change using the longest instrumental temperature record. Geli Wang, Peicai Yang & Xiuji Zhou
Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 46091 (2017), doi:10.1038/srep46091